These obligations must be met within seven years of the treaty`s effective date. The contract will last 10 years, with the possibility of extending it for up to five years after the agreement of both parties.  The treaty came into force on February 5, 2011, when the United States and Russia exchanged ratification instruments after approval by the U.S. Senate and the Federal Assembly.  However, the United States began implementing the cuts prior to ratification of the treaty.  Review and transparency: the treaty has a review system that combines the relevant elements of the 1991 START Treaty with new elements adapted to the treaty`s boundaries. Treaty measures include on-site inspections and exhibitions, data exchange and notifications of strategic offensives and treaty facilities, and provisions to facilitate the use of national technical means of contract monitoring. In order to increase confidence and transparency, the treaty also provides for the exchange of telemetry data. Terms of the contract: the term of the contract is ten years, unless it is replaced by a subsequent agreement. Contracting parties may agree to extend the contract for a period of no more than five years. The treaty contains a withdrawal clause that is the norm in arms control agreements. The 2002 Moscow Treaty ends with the entry into force of the new START Treaty.
The U.S. Senate and the Russian legislature must approve the treaty before it can enter into force. No restrictions on missile defence and conventional strike: the treaty contains no restrictions on testing, developing or using current or planned U.S. missile defence programs, or on conventional long-range strike capabilities currently or scheduled by the United States. 2. NEW START AND U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY INTERESTS The new Start contract makes America safer. The new START Treaty will enhance U.S. national security by stabilizing the strategic balance between the United States and the Russian Federation at lower levels of nuclear energy.
The treaty provides for lower limits for U.S. and Russian nuclear forces of 1,550 strategic warheads and 700 ICBMs, SLBMs and heavy bombers equipped for nuclear weapons. In addition, the total number of ICBM and SLBM launchers used and unused and heavy bombers equipped for nuclear armament is limited to 800. The lower strategic limits of treaty troops were confirmed by a rigorous analysis conducted by Ministry of Defence planners to support the review of nuclear postures. The new START Treaty allows the United States to determine our own troop structure, giving us the flexibility to deploy and maintain our core strategic forces in a way that best serves the national security interests of the United States. As long as there are nuclear weapons, the United States will have a safe and effective arsenal to deter any adversary and protect our allies. The revision provisions of the new START Treaty provide an overview of Russia`s nuclear forces and thus help to reduce the risk of surprises, mistrust and misjudgments that may result from excessive secrecy or a decision based on the most pessimistic assumptions.