On the evening of 9 January, the talks appeared to have failed, as both sides were unwilling to take their respective levels. Morning newspapers in India – on 10 January – sent messages from Indian correspondents to Pms Entourage in Tashkent: Inder Malhotra (statesman), Krishan Bhatta (Hindustan Times), Dev Murarka (Indian Express), Kuldip Nayyar (UNI) and G.K. Reddy (Times of India). They all reported a virtual failure of the talks. While India`s Malhotra said, „Mr. Kosygin was desperately trying to save the talks from total failure and collapse.“ Bhatia said: „Unless there is a miracle, the Tashkent conference should end tomorrow with an unequivocal disagreement between Prime Minister Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan.“ But the miracle happened. At lunchtime on 10 January, with the resolute efforts of Kosygin, supported by his dynamic Foreign Minister Andrej Gromyko, Lal Bahadur Shastri and Ayub Khan, despite the strong reservations of his Foreign Minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, signed the historic declaration that brought peace to the subcontinent, albeit temporarily. But this was the story of Indo-Pakistani relations. News of the success in Tashkent was applauded in the country, but there were also hostile voices, including Jana Sangh and the socialist parties. In his biography Lal Bahadur Shastri: A Life of Truth in Politics, C.P. Srivastava, who was a joint secretary to the Prime Minister and accompanied him to Tashkent, recorded a phone call between Venkataraman (PS in Delhi) and Sahai (PM`s PA in Tashkent): „While Venkataraman was still on the phone, the Prime Minister asked Sahai to know the reaction. Sahai asked venkataraman that „the statement was generally well accepted, except Atal Behari Vajpayee (Jana Sangh) and S.N. Dwivedy (PSP)“.

Indeed, Jana Sangh, who called the agreement a „betrayal“, had planned to welcome the Prime Minister with black flags at Palam airport (now Indira Gandhi). But that shouldn`t be the case. With his death, Lal Bahadur became a martyr for the cause of Indo-Pakistan friendship, as did Mahatma less than two decades earlier, for the cause of Hindu Muslim unity. Along with other parliamentarians, Vajpayee and Dwivedy Shastri paid tribute to his great success in promoting peace between the two neighbours. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan, signed on 10 January 1966, which resolved the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war. Peace was achieved on 23 September by the intervention of the external powers that pushed the two nations to the truce, lest the conflict intensify and attract other powers. [1] [2] In accordance with Tashkent`s statement, ministerial talks took place on 1 and 2 March 1966. Despite the fact that these talks were unproductive, diplomatic exchanges continued in the spring and summer. The results of these discussions were not obtained due to differences of opinion on the Kashmir issue.